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Accueil > Bibliographie > Vesicular trafficking and secretion of matrix metalloproteinases-2, -9 and (...)

Vesicular trafficking and secretion of matrix (...)

Mol Cell Neurosci. 2008 Dec ;39(4):549-68
Vesicular trafficking and secretion of matrix metalloproteinases-2, -9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 in neuronal cells.
Sbai O, Ferhat L, Bernard A, Gueye Y, Ould-Yahoui A, Thiolloy S, Charrat E, Charton G, Tremblay E, Risso JJ, Chauvin JP, Arsanto JP, Rivera S, Khrestchatisky M.

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are endopeptidases that cleave matrix, soluble and membrane-bound proteins and are regulated by their endogenous inhibitors the tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs). Nothing is known about MMP/TIMP trafficking and secretion in neuronal cells. We focussed our attention on the gelatinases MMP-2 and MMP-9, and their inhibitor TIMP-1. MMPs and TIMP-1 fused to GFP were expressed in N2a neuroblastoma and primary neuronal cells to study trafficking and secretion using real time video-microscopy, imaging, electron microscopy and biochemical approaches. We show that MMPs and TIMP-1 are secreted in 160-200 nm vesicles in a Golgi-dependent pathway. These vesicles distribute along microtubules and microfilaments, co-localise differentially with the molecular motors kinesin and myosin Va and undergo both anterograde and retrograde trafficking. MMP-9 retrograde transport involves the dynein/dynactin molecular motor. In hippocampal neurons, MMP-2 and MMP-9 vesicles are preferentially distributed in the somato-dendritic compartment and are found in dendritic spines. Non-transfected hippocampal neurons also demonstrate vesicular secretion of MMP-2 in both its pro- and active forms and gelatinolytic activity localised within dendritic spines. Our results show differential trafficking of MMP and TIMP-1-containing vesicles in neuronal cells and suggest that these vesicles could play a role in neuronal and synaptic plasticity.


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