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Accueil > Bibliographie > Truncation of PITX2 differentially affects its activity on physiological (...)

Truncation of PITX2 differentially affects its activity (...)

J Mol Endocrinol. 2011 Feb ;46(1):9-19
Truncation of PITX2 differentially affects its activity on physiological targets.
Quentien MH, Vieira V, Menasche M, Dufier JL, Herman JP, Enjalbert A, Abitbol M, Brue T.

The bicoid-like transcription factor PITX2 has been previously described to interact with the pituitary-specific POU homeodomain factor POU1F1 (human ortholog of PIT-1) to achieve cell-specific expression of prolactin (PRL) and GH in pituitary somatolactotroph cells. In this work, we have investigated the functional properties of three PITX2 mutants reported in Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome patients relative to the regulation of these genes, using reporter genes under the control of human PRL (hPRL), hGH, or POU1F1 promoters transfected in nonpituitary and pituitary cell lines. Among the three mutations studied, Y167X and E101X introduce a premature stop codon, and F104L leads to an amino acid substitution. While PITX2(E101X) is not expressed in the cells following transfection, and PITX2(F104L) is functionally inactive, the PITX2(Y167X) mutant keeps its DNA-binding capacity and displays a markedly enhanced activation of the hPRL and POU1F1 promoters, but not of the hGH promoter. Y167X is the first mutation of PITX2 described to result in a differential effect on the activation of its different physiological targets, hPRL and POU1F1 on one hand and hGH on the other hand. The differential effect of the Y167X mutation might be linked to an interaction of PITX2 with different transcription factors or cofactors when bound to the hPRL and POU1F1 or the hGH promoters. These results might form the basis for the identification of the PITX2 protein complex necessary for the differential GH or PRL expression.

PubMed

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