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The three heavy-chain precursors for the inter-alpha-inhibit

Biochem J. 1995 Mar ;306 ( Pt 2):505-12
The three heavy-chain precursors for the inter-alpha-inhibitor family in mouse : new members of the multicopper oxidase protein group with differential transcription in liver and brain.
Chan P, Risler JL, Raguenez G, Salier JP.

The inter-alpha-inhibitor (I alpha I) family is comprised of the plasma protease inhibitors I alpha I, inter-alpha-like inhibitor (I alpha LI), pre-alpha-inhibitor (P alpha I) and bikunin. I alpha I, I alpha LI and P alpha I are distinct assemblies of bikunin with one of three heavy (H) chains designated H1, H2 and H3. These H chains and bikunin are respectively encoded by a set of three H genes and an alpha 1-microglobulin/bikunin precursor (AMBP) gene. All four gene products undergo maturation steps from precursor polypeptides. The full-length cDNAs for the H1-, H2- and H3-chain precursors were cloned from a mouse liver cDNA library and sequenced. Extensive searches of amino acid sequence similarities to other proteins in databanks revealed (i) a highly significant similarity of the C-terminal sequence in the three H-chain precursors to the multicopper-binding domain in the group of multicopper oxidase proteins and (ii) the presence of von Willebrand type-A domains in the mature H chains. Amino acid sequence comparisons between the three mouse H1-, H2- and H3-chain precursors and their human counterparts allowed us to appraise the timing and order of occurrence of the three H-chain genes from a shared ancestor during mammalian evolution. Owing to a multiple alignment of the six mouse and human nucleotide sequences for these H-chain precursors, a reverse transcriptase PCR assay with degenerate oligonucleotides was designed, allowing us to (i) present evidence that no mRNAs for further H genes exist in mouse liver and (ii) demonstrate a previously undescribed transcription of the H2- and H3-chain mRNAs in mouse brain, which contrasts with the expression of all four, H1, H2, H3 and AMBP, mRNAs in liver.


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