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Accueil > Bibliographie > Subcellular localization of celiptium-induced peroxidative damage in rat (...)

Subcellular localization of celiptium-induced (...)

Arch Toxicol. 1991 ;65(3):244-51.
Subcellular localization of celiptium-induced peroxidative damage in rat renal cortex.
Raguénez-Viotte G, Thomas N, Fillastre JP.

Celiptium (N2-methyl-9-hydroxyellipticinium) is an antitumor agent of the ellipticine series. We have shown a dose-dependent nephrotoxicity in rats and demonstrated a lipid overload in proximal tubular cells (unsaturated free fatty acid accumulation). We have also shown an increase in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), namely the 4-hydroxyalkenals, that is paralleled by a decrease in phosphatidylethanolamine in rat kidney cortex. In the present study, peroxidative damage was localized in mitochondria, microsomal and brush-border membranes of kidney cortex. Female Wistar rats were injected with a single i.v. dose of 20 mg/kg celiptium and sacrificed on day 8. Subcellular fractionation studies showed that celiptium induced alterations : 1) in mitochondria (slight increase in aldehydes), 2) in microsomal membranes (increase in free fatty acids (FFA) with in particular rises in oleic (18:1) and linoleic (18:2) acids), 3) in brush-border membranes or BBM (decrease in protein and phospholipid contents) ; residual membranes showed an increase in oleic and linoleic acids and a decrease in the polyunsaturated fatty acids, arachidonic (20:4) and docosahexaenoic (22:6) acids, 4) in cytosol (increase in FFA and TBARS content). Thus, celiptium induces peroxidative damage in kidneys through lipid abnormalities which predominantly occur in brush-border membranes and consist of an increase in free fatty acids and aldehydes in cytosol.


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