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Accueil > Bibliographie > Subcellular distribution of somatostatin-14, somatostatin-28 and (...)

Subcellular distribution of somatostatin-14, (...)

Regul Pept. 1984 Sep ;9(1-2):129-37
Subcellular distribution of somatostatin-14, somatostatin-28 and somatostatin-28 (1-12) in rat brain cortex and comparisons of their respective binding sites in brain and pituitary.
Moyse E, Benoit R, Enjalbert A, Gautron JP, Kordon C, Ling N, Epelbaum J.

Subcellular distribution and binding characteristics of the three endogenous peptides somatostatin-14 (SRIF-14), somatostatin-28 (SRIF-28) and somatostatin-28(1-12) (SRIF-28(1-12] derived from preprosomatostatin were investigated in the rat brain cortex. The three peptides are predominantly recovered from a crude mitochondrial pellet (P2), containing the pinched off nerve endings. Specific high affinity binding sites for 125I-N-Tyr-SRIF-14 and 125I-N-Tyr-SRIF-28 are present on pituitary and brain membranes. Under the same conditions, 125I-N-Tyr-SRIF-28(1-12) binding is undetectable. Moreover, SRIF-28(1-12) does not displace 125I-N-Tyr-SRIF-14 or 125I-N-Tyr-SRIF-28 binding. SRIF-28 is more potent than SRIF-14 to displace 125I-N-Tyr-SRIF-28 binding to brain and pituitary membranes, while both peptides are equipotent to displace 125I-N-Tyr-SRIF-14 binding. Finally, the regional distribution of 125I-N-Tyr-SRIF-14 and 125I-N-Tyr-SRIF-28 binding sites in the brain is identical. In conclusion, the present results are consistent with a neurotransmitter and neurohormonal role for SRIF-14 and SRIF-28. The function of SRIF-28(1-12) in brain remains to be elucidated. Additionally, a differential role for SRIF-14 and SRIF-28 both in adenohypophysis and brain cannot be ascertained at the present time.


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