Plates-Formes de Recherche en Neurosciences

logo amu logo cnrs

Plates-formes PFRN

Accueil > Bibliographie > Structural insights into the exquisite selectivity of neurexin/neuroligin (...)

Structural insights into the exquisite selectivity of (...)

EMBO J. 2010 Jul ;29(14):2461-71
Structural insights into the exquisite selectivity of neurexin/neuroligin synaptic interactions.
Leone P, Comoletti D, Ferracci G, Conrod S, Garcia SU, Taylor P, Bourne Y, Marchot P.

The extracellular domains of neuroligins and neurexins interact through Ca(2+) to form flexible trans-synaptic associations characterized by selectivity for neuroligin or neurexin subtypes. This heterophilic interaction, essential for synaptic maturation and differentiation, is regulated by gene selection, alternative mRNA splicing and post-translational modifications. A new, 2.6 A-resolution crystal structure of a soluble neurexin-1beta-neuroligin-4 (Nrx1beta-NL4) complex permits a detailed description of the Ca(2+)-coordinated interface and unveils concerted positional rearrangements of several residues of NL4, not observed in neuroligin-1, associated with Nrx1beta binding. Surface plasmon resonance analysis of the binding of structure-guided Nrx1beta mutants towards NL4 and neuroligin-1 shows that flexibility of the Nrx1beta-binding site in NL4 is reflected in a greater dissociation constant of the complex and higher sensitivity to ionic strength and pH variations. Analysis of neuroligin mutants points to critical functions for two respective residues in neuroligin-1 and neuroligin-2 in governing the affinity of the complexes. Although neuroligin-1 and neuroligin-2 have pre-determined conformations that respectively promote and prevent Nrx1beta association, unique conformational reshaping of the NL4 surface is required to permit Nrx1beta association.

PubMed

    Ils nous font confiance

  • logo amu
  • logo cnrs
  • logo inserm
  • logo AP-HM
  • logo F�d�ration pour la Recherche sur le Cerveau
  • logo Fondation pour la Recherche Medical en France
  • logo IBiSA
  • logo Europe programme FEDER
  • logo Agence Nationale de la Recherche
  • logo Plateforme Technologique Aix-Marseille
  • logo Vect-Horus
  • logo Neuron Experts