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Accueil > Bibliographie > Somatostatin-dependent adenylyl cyclase activity in nonactivated and (...)

Somatostatin-dependent adenylyl cyclase activity in (...)

J Cell Biochem. 1999 Feb ;72(2):221-31
Somatostatin-dependent adenylyl cyclase activity in nonactivated and mitogen-activated human T cells : evidence for uncoupling of sst3 receptor from adenylyl cyclase.
Giannetti N, Horvat B, Gautier N, El Ghamrawy C, Rabourdin-Combe C, Enjalbert A, Krantic S.

Neuropeptide somatostatin (SRIF) has been shown to modulate interleukin-2 (IL-2) secretion by mitogen-activated T cells. In this study, we further analyzed the transduction pathways underlying SRIF actions on human Jurkat T cells and compared SRIF signaling between nonactivated and mitogen-activated cells. SRIF effects on adenylyl cyclase activity in the absence and presence of mitogens were addressed by using three different analogs : SRIF14, SRIF28, and SMS 201-995. In semipurified membrane preparations obtained from nonactivated cells, all analogs inhibited adenylyl cyclase. However, in membrane preparations obtained from mitogen-activated cells, the maximal inhibition of adenylyl cyclase mediated by SRIF14 and SRIF28 equaled only one third of that measured in the absence of mitogens, whereas SMS 201-995 was completely inactive. To assess the relevant mechanisms associated with different effects of SRIF on adenylyl cyclase activity in nonactivated and mitogen-activated T cells, we performed binding assays by using iodinated SRIF as a radioligand. These experiments suggested that both the number of receptors and their affinities were almost identical in either nonactivated or activated cells. RT-PCR analysis of the pattern of SRIF receptor expression showed that nonactivated as well as activated Jurkat cells expressed only mRNA corresponding to the sst3 receptor subtype. Altogether, these data point to a functional activation-associated uncoupling of sst3 receptors from adenylyl cyclase in human T cells, indicating a T-cell activation-induced alteration in the sst3 receptor transduction pathway.


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