Accueil > Bibliographie > Severity of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis is unexpectedly (...)

Severity of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (...)

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2010 Jul ;121(1-2):250-3
Severity of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis is unexpectedly reduced in mice born to vitamin D-deficient mothers.
Fernandes De Abreu DA, Ibrahim EC, Boucraut J, Khrestchatisky M, Feron F.

Accumulating data indicate that vitamin D, a sun-induced hormone, plays a key role in multiple sclerosis (MS) etiology. Notably, it has been shown that there is a remarkable season of birth effect in MS. We surmised that gestational vitamin D deficiency is a risk factor for MS. To test this hypothesis, a vitamin D deficiency was induced in C57BL/6 female mice 6 weeks prior to conception and prolonged until offspring birth. Contrary to our prediction, we show here that adult offspring exposed to developmental vitamin D deficiency (DVD) developed a striking milder and delayed experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), when compared to control offspring. Using reverse transcription and quantitative real-time PCR, we measured the expression level of 22 candidate transcripts in the spleen, the cerebrum and the spinal cord, at Day0 and Day30 post-immunization. We report here that, at Day30 post-immunization, TNF, osteopontin, H2-Eb were over-expressed and IFN was under-expressed in the spinal cord of control mice and not in DVD mice. Another discrepancy between nervous and immune systems was observed : expression of IL4 was dysregulated exclusively in the spleen. Reduced symptom severity in DVD mice can partially be explained by a nervous system-restricted over-expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR), two heat shock proteins (HSP90, HSPa8) and FK506 binding protein 1a (FKBP1a), at Day0. Our clinical test and molecular findings converge to indicate that maternal hypovitaminosis D imprints the foetus and alters the susceptibility of the offspring to EAE. We propose a new hypothesis to explain our unexpected observations.

PubMed

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