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Accueil > Bibliographie > Role of glycosphingolipid microdomains in CD4-dependent HIV-1 (...)

Role of glycosphingolipid microdomains in CD4-dependent (...)

Glycoconj J. 2000 Mar-Apr ;17(3 -4):199-204
Role of glycosphingolipid microdomains in CD4-dependent HIV-1 fusion.
Fantini J, Hammache D, Pieroni G, Yahi N.

The fusion of HIV-1 with the plasma membrane of CD4+ cells is triggered by the interaction of HIV-1 surface envelope glycoprotein gp120 with the CD4 receptor, and requires coreceptors (CCR5 and CXCR4). Recent advances in the study of HIV-1 entry into CD4+ cells suggest that glycosphingolipids (GSL) may also participate in the fusion process. GSL are organized in functional microdomains which are associated with specific membrane proteins such as CD4. GSL-enriched microdomains were purified from human lymphocytes and reconstituted as a monomolecular film at the air-water interface of a Langmuir film balance. Surface pressure measurements allowed to characterize the sequential interaction of GSL with CD4 and with gp120. Using this approach, we identified globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) and ganglioside GM3 as the main lymphocyte GSL recognized by gp120. In both cases, the interaction was saturable and dramatically increased by CD4. We propose that GSL microdomains behave as moving platforms allowing the recruitment of HIV-1 coreceptors after the initial interaction between the viral particle and CD4. According to this model, the GSL microdomain may : i) stabilize the attachment of the virus with the cell surface through multiple low affinity interactions between the V3 domain of gp120 and the carbohydrate moiety of GSL, and ii) convey the virus to an appropriate coreceptor by moving freely in the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane. This model can be extrapolated to all envelope viruses (e.g. influenza virus) that use cell surface GSL of the host cells as receptors or coreceptors.

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