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Accueil > Bibliographie > Prolactinomas resistant to bromocriptine : long-term efficacy of (...)

Prolactinomas resistant to bromocriptine : long-term (...)

Eur J Endocrinol. 1996 Oct ;135(4):413-20
Prolactinomas resistant to bromocriptine : long-term efficacy of quinagolide and outcome of pregnancy.
Morange I, Barlier A, Pellegrini I, Brue T, Enjalbert A, Jaquet P.

Resistance to bromocriptine, defined as the absence of normalization of prolactin (PRL) levels despite a 15-30 mg daily dose of bromocriptine during at least 6 months, has been observed in 5-17% of the prolactinomas according to the literature. The recent availability of a new potent dopamine agonist, quinagolide, prompted us to analyze its long-term therapeutic effects in 28 patients with prolactinomas resistant to bromocriptine. Before bromocriptine, their PRL levels were 520 +/- 185 micrograms/l (mean +/- SEM) and decreased to 291 +/- 154 micrograms/l after a 6-21 month period of bromocriptine treatment. All the women (N = 20) remained amenorrheic and hypogonadism was not improved in men (N = 8). Subsequently, after 1 year of 150-300 micrograms/day quinagolide, 12/28 patients of the present series recovered normal gonadal function and their initial mean baseline PRL value (404 +/- 180 micrograms/l) was 16 +/- 2 micrograms/l after 1 year of treatment. A significant tumor shrinkage was observed in 5/8 macroadenomas (62%). During the 3-year follow-up period under quinagolide, a similar good control was achieved in these patients, with the exception of one man presenting with a secondary rise of PRL under quinagolide. In contrast, 15 other patients (one patient interrupted quinagolide at 6 months because of poor tolerance) were not normalized under 150-450 micrograms/day quinagolide. Their initial PRL levels (606 +/- 298 micrograms/l) were reduced to 343 +/- 187 micrograms/l (versus 463 +/- 265 micrograms/l under bromocriptine after the same duration of treatment). Despite such a partial inhibitory effect of quinagolide, 7/12 women resumed menstrual cycles and three pregnancies occurred. In no case was any tumor shrinkage noticed during the 3-4-year follow-up. Three patients even presented, after 2 years of quinagolide treatment, with a secondary rise of PRL values associated with a further tumor growth in two patients. During the 3-year follow-up period, nine pregnancies occurred in seven women. In five women, after quinagolide withdrawal, the plasma PRL baseline values ranged from 52 to 158 micrograms/l and from 65 to 192 micrograms/l, respectively, at the first trimester and at the end of uneventful pregnancies. In contrast, in two women a rapid increase of PRL (240-400 micrograms/l) correlated with tumor growth during the first trimester. Such a tumor progression was blocked by quinagolide treatment but not by bromocriptine. These data, although observed in a limited series, justify the careful follow-up of pregnancies in this subclass of patients at risk. Finally, in the whole population, long-term control of hyperprolactinemia by quinagolide was obtained in 11/28 patients (39%) previously resistant to bromocriptine, and 15/20 women (75%) resumed normal gonadal function with a quinagolide daily dose of 300 micrograms in most of them.


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