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Accueil > Bibliographie > Phospholipid incorporation and metabolic conversion of n-3 polyunsaturated (...)

Phospholipid incorporation and metabolic conversion of (...)

J Neurosci Res. 2000 Jun ;60(5):678-85
Phospholipid incorporation and metabolic conversion of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the Y79 retinoblastoma cell line.
Goustard-Langelier B, Alessandri JM, Raguenez G, Durand G, Courtois Y.

The metabolic conversion of n-3 fatty acids was studied in the human Y79 retinoblastoma cell line. Cultured cells were exposed to increasing concentrations of either 18:3n-3, 22:5n-3, or 22:6n-3, and their phospholipid fatty acid composition was analyzed after 72 hr. Cells internalized the supplemental fatty acids and proceeded to their metabolic conversion. Supplemental 22:6n-3 was directly esterified into cell phospholipids, at levels typical for normal neural retinas (41% by weight of phosphatidylethanolamine fatty acids, and 24% of phosphatidylcholine fatty acids). In contrast, 18:3n-3 was mainly converted to 20:5n-3 and 22:5n-3, both of which appeared in cell phospholipids after exposure to low external concentrations of 18:3n-3 (10 microg/ml). Y79 cells can proceed to the metabolic conversion of 18:3n-3 through elongation and Delta6- and Delta5-desaturation. When cells were exposed to high external concentrations of 18:3n-3 (30 microg/ml), the supplemental fatty acid was directly incorporated, and its relative content increased in both phospholipid classes to the detriment of all other n-3 fatty acids. Cells cultured in the presence of 22:5n-3 did not incorporate 22:6n-3 into their phospholipids but did incorporate 20:5n-3 and 22:5n-3. The data suggest that Y79 cells can proceed to the microsomal steps of n-3 metabolism, involving elongation, desaturation, and chain shortening of 22C fatty acids. Although Y79 cells avidly used supplemental 22:6n-3 for phospholipid incorporation at levels typical for normal photoreceptor cells, they failed to match such levels through metabolic conversion of n-3 parent fatty acids. The terminal step of the very long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesis, consisting in Delta6-desaturation followed by peroxisomal chain shortening of 24C-fatty acids, could be rate-limiting in Y79 cells.


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