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Accueil > Bibliographie > Molecular mechanisms controlling constitutive and IFN-gamma-inducible HLA-G (...)

Molecular mechanisms controlling constitutive and (...)

J Reprod Immunol. 1999 Jul ;43(2):213-24
Molecular mechanisms controlling constitutive and IFN-gamma-inducible HLA-G expression in various cell types.
Lefebvre S, Moreau P, Guiard V, Ibrahim EC, Adrian-Cabestre F, Menier C, Dausset J, Carosella ED, Paul P.

HLA-G molecule is thought to play a major role in down-regulating the maternal immune response by inhibiting NK and T cell cytolytic activities. We examined the molecular regulatory mechanisms that may control the restricted expression pattern of the HLA-G gene. We first analyzed protein interactions between nuclear extracts from the HLA-G-positive JEG-3 choriocarcinoma and the HLA-G-negative NK-like YT2C2 cell lines to a 244 bp regulatory element located 1.2 kb from the HLA-G gene, previously shown to direct HLA-G expression in transgenic mouse placenta. This allowed characterization of cell-specific DNA-protein interactions that could account for differential cell-specific expression of the HLA-G gene. In particular two DNA-protein complexes were exclusively observed in YT2C2, suggesting that this HLA-G regulatory element is a target for putative cell-specific repressor factors. We further mapped nuclear factor binding sites to a 70 bp fragment in the upstream region of the regulatory element. We then investigated the effect of IFN-gamma on HLA-G gene expression. HLA-G cell surface expression was enhanced by IFN-gamma treatment in JEG-3 and U937 cell lines and peripheral blood monocytes while no effect was observed in tera-2 teratocarcinoma cell line. HLA-G transcriptional activity was increased only in JEG-3 and U937 cell lines. Activity of the 1.4-kb HLA-G promoter region was unchanged after IFN-gamma treatment in JEG-3 and Tera-2. These results suggest that both post-transcriptional and transcriptional mechanisms implicating IFN-responsive regulatory sequences outside the 1.4 kb-region are involved in IFN-gamma gene activation of the HLA-G gene.


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