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Accueil > Bibliographie > Measles virus modulates human T-cell somatostatin receptors and their (...)

Measles virus modulates human T-cell somatostatin (...)

J Virol. 1997 Oct ;71(10):7470-7
Measles virus modulates human T-cell somatostatin receptors and their coupling to adenylyl cyclase.
Krantic S, Enjalbert A, Rabourdin-Combe C.

The possible role of immunomodulatory peptide somatostatin (SRIF) in measles virus (MV)-induced immunopathology was addressed by analysis of SRIF receptors and their coupling to adenylyl cyclase in mitogen-stimulated Jurkat T cells and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). SRIF-specific receptors were assayed in semipurified membrane preparations by using SRIF14 containing iodinated tyrosine at the first position in the amino acid chain ([125I]Tyr1) as a radioligand. A determination of receptor number by saturation of radioligand binding at equilibrium showed that in Jurkat cells, MV infection led to a dramatic decrease in the total receptor number. The virus-associated disappearance of one (Ki2 = 12 +/- 4 nM [mean +/- standard error of the mean [SEM]] ; n = 4) of two somatostatin binding sites identified in control Jurkat cells (Ki1 = 78 +/- 3 pM and Ki2 = 12 +/- 4 nM [mean +/- SEM] ; n = 4) was also observed. Almost identical results were obtained for phytohemagglutinin-activated human PBMC. In the absence of MV infection, two somatostatin binding sites were present (Ki1 = 111 +/- 31 pM and Ki2 = 17 +/- 2 nM [mean +/- SEM] ; n = 2), whereas in MV-infected cells, only the high-affinity (Ki1 = 48 +/- 15 pM [mean +/- SEM] ; n = 2) binding site remained. In addition, MV infection reinforced the inhibitory effects of SRIF on adenylyl cyclase activity, since maximal inhibition at 1 microM peptide was 11% +/- 4% in control cells versus 25% +/- 3% (P < 0.05) in infected Jurkat cells. Moreover, MV infection severely impaired the capacity of adenylyl cyclase to be activated directly (by forskolin) or indirectly (via Gs protein-coupled vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor). An assessment of [methyl-3H]thymidine incorporation showed that SRIF increased proliferative responses to mitogens only in control cells, not in MV-infected cells. Altogether, our data emphasize that MV-associated alteration of SRIF transduction appears to be related to the loss of SRIF-dependent increase of mitogen-induced proliferation.


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