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Lanreotide for the treatment of acromegaly.

Adv Ther. 2009 Jun ;26(6):600-12
Lanreotide for the treatment of acromegaly.
Castinetti F, Saveanu A, Morange I, Brue T.

Lanreotide is an eight-amino acid peptide, which is an analog of the native somatostatin peptide, physiological inhibitor of growth hormone (GH). The drug shows high binding affinity for somatostatin receptors, SSTR2 and SSTR5, which is the primary mechanism considered to be responsible for decreasing GH secretion and GH cell proliferation in acromegaly. Two different formulations of lanreotide are currently available : lanreotide slow release, which requires intramuscular injection every 7-14 days, and lanreotide autogel, which requires deep subcutaneous injection every 4-8 weeks. Several studies have been published to date on the use of lanreotide in acromegaly. Antisecretory efficacy has been reported in 35%-70% of cases ; this huge variability is probably explained by different indications (eg, primary or adjunctive postsurgical treatment), or the fact that some studies were based on patients known to be responders to somatostatin analogs. As a primary treatment, antisecretory efficacy was very similar, confirming the possibility of lanreotide as an option in cases of unsuccessful surgery, contraindication, or surgery refusal. Lanreotide also has antitumoral effects as it induces a decrease in tumor volume of [Symbol : see text]25% in 30%-70% of patients. This could be beneficial before transsphenoidal surgery, as a pretreatment, to decrease tumor volume and ease surgery ; however, to date, advantages in terms of final remission or uncured status remain a matter of debate. Side effects are rare ; the most frequent being gastrointestinal discomfort and increased risk of gallstone formation, and glucose metabolism modifications. Comparison with the other somatostatin analog, octreotide, tends to show identical levels of efficacy between both drugs. Lanreotide thus seems to be an effective treatment in acromegaly. To date, however, lanreotide is still considered as only suspending GH secretion, thus requiring prolonged and costly treatment.


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