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Accueil > Bibliographie > Implication of NMDA type glutamate receptors in neural regeneration and (...)

Implication of NMDA type glutamate receptors in neural (...)

Int J Dev Neurosci. 1997 Jul ;15(4-5):619-29
Implication of NMDA type glutamate receptors in neural regeneration and neoformation of synapses after excitotoxic injury in the guinea pig cochlea.
D’aldin CG, Ruel J, Assie R, Pujol R, Puel JL.

In the adult mammalian cochlea, the ability of nerve fibres to regenerate has been observed following disruption of the organ of Corti by various means, or transsection of the cochlear nerve in the internal auditory meatus. Based upon the implication of glutamate as a neurotransmitter at synapses between sensory hair cells and terminal dendrites of the auditory nerve in the mammalian cochlea, we have developed, in a previous study, an in vivo model of neural regeneration and formation of synapses after the destruction of the afferent nerve endings by local application of the glutamate agonist alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-isoxazol-propionic acid (AMPA). In situ hybridization experiments performed during the re-innervation process revealed an overexpression of mRNA coding for NR1 subunit of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the spiral ganglion neurons, suggesting that these receptors are implicated in neural regenerative processes. The present study has been designed to study the functional implication of NMDA receptors in the regrowth and synaptic repair of auditory dendrites in the guinea pig cochlea, by blocking the NMDA receptors during the period of normal functional recovery. In a first set of experiments, we recorded compound action potential after acute perilymphatic perfusion of cumulative doses (0.03-10mM) of DL 2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate (D-AP5), a NMDA antagonist, to determine the efficiency of the drug. In a second set of experiments, the auditory dendrites were destroyed by local application of the glutamate agonist AMPA. The blockage of NMDA by the antagonist D-AP5 applied with an osmotic micropump delayed the functional recovery and the regrowth of auditory dendrites. The findings of our study support the hypothesis that, in addition to acting as a fast transmitter, glutamate has a neurotrophic role via the activation of NMDA receptors.


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