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Accueil > Bibliographie > Human erythrocyte glycosphingolipids as alternative cofactors for human (...)

Human erythrocyte glycosphingolipids as alternative (...)

J Virol. 1999 Jun ;73(6):5244-8
Human erythrocyte glycosphingolipids as alternative cofactors for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) entry : evidence for CD4-induced interactions between HIV-1 gp120 and reconstituted membrane microdomains of glycosphingolipids (Gb3 and GM3).
Hammache D, Yahi N, Maresca M, Pieroni G, Fantini J.

Glycosphingolipids from human erythrocytes mediate CD4-dependent fusion with cells expressing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope glycoproteins. To identify the glycosphingolipid(s) which participates in the fusion process, we have analyzed the interaction of HIV-1 gp120 (X4 and R5X4 isolates) with reconstituted membrane microdomains of human erythrocyte glycosphingolipids. We identified globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) and ganglioside GM3 as the main glycosphingolipids recognized by gp120. In the presence of CD4, Gb3 interacted preferentially with the X4 gp120, whereas GM3 interacted exclusively with the R5X4 gp120. These data suggest that glycosphingolipid microdomains are required in CD4-dependent fusion and that Gb3 and/or GM3 may function as alternative entry cofactors for selected HIV-1 isolates.

PubMed

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