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Accueil > Bibliographie > Homologous chromosomal locations of the four genes for inter-alpha-inhibitor

Homologous chromosomal locations of the four genes for (...)

Genomics. 1992 Sep ;14(1):83-8
Homologous chromosomal locations of the four genes for inter-alpha-inhibitor and pre-alpha-inhibitor family in human and mouse : assignment of the ancestral gene for the lipocalin superfamily.
Salier JP, Simon D, Rouet P, Raguenez G, Muscatelli F, Gebhard W, Guenet JL, Mattei MG.

The inter-alpha-inhibitor (I alpha I) and pre-alpha-inhibitor (P alpha I) family is composed of three plasma protease inhibitors, I alpha I, P alpha I, and bikunin, whose chains are encoded by a set of three evolutionarily related heavy (H) chain genes designated H1, H2, and H3 and a fourth gene, the so-called alpha 1-microglobulin/bikunin precursor (AMBP) gene. The latter codes for a precursor that splits into : (i) alpha 1-microglobulin, which belongs to the lipocalin superfamily ; and (ii) bikunin, which is made up of two tandemly arranged protease inhibitor domains and belongs to the superfamily of Kunitz-type protease inhibitors. The bikunin chain is found in I alpha I and P alpha I molecules and it is also present as a free molecule in plasma. In human, the AMBP and H2 genes have been mapped to 9q32-q34 and 10p14-p15, respectively, while the H1 and H3 genes are tandemly located at 3p21.1-p21.2. In situ hybridization mappings indicate that the mouse AMBP gene (Intin-4) is located at 4C1----C4, and the H1 (Intin-1) and H3 (Intin-3) genes are colocated at 14A2----C1. In interspecific backcrosses (C57BL/6Pas x Mus spretus) a TaqI restriction variant in (and/or near) the H2 (Intin-2) gene identified a linkage of this gene with other polymorphic loci, which assigns Intin-2 to the centromeric area of chromosome 2. All such assignments are in conserved chromosomal regions between human and mouse. Therefore the genetic events that gave rise to the four I alpha I family genes took place prior to the divergence between human and mouse.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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