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Accueil > Bibliographie > Genetic polymorphism near HIV-1 reverse transcriptase resistance-associated (...)

Genetic polymorphism near HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (...)

J Virol Methods. 1999 Jun ;80(1):25-31
Genetic polymorphism near HIV-1 reverse transcriptase resistance-associated codons is a major obstacle for the line probe assay as an alternative method to sequence analysis.
Koch N, Yahi N, Colson P, Fantini J, Tamalet C.

The performance of the line probe assay (LIPA) for the detection of mutations conferring resistance to nucleoside inhibitors of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase was evaluated in comparison with sequence analysis. The tests were undertaken on plasma samples from 63 patients (61 receiving combination therapy and 2 without treatment at the time of inclusion). In 27 cases (43%) which included codons 41, 69, 70, 74, 184 and 215, the sequence of the RT gene was distinct from the hybridization probes used in LIPA. Correspondingly, LIPA gave uninterpretable results in 15, 30 and 41% of cases for codons 184, 215 and 41, respectively. Overall, the concordance between LIPA and sequence analysis varied from 52% (codons 41 and 215) to 85% (codon 70). These data show that the polymorphism of the nucleotide sequence near resistance-associated codons is a major shortcoming of LIPA.


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