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[Effect of serotonin on differentiation of neurons (...)

Ross Fiziol Zh Im I M Sechenova. 2002 Apr ;88(4):417-23
[Effect of serotonin on differentiation of neurons producing vasoactive intestinal polypeptide in the rat suprachiasmatic nucleus].
Mirochnik VV, Ugriumov MV, Bosler O, Calas A.

This study was aimed to evaluate the morphogenetic influence of serotonin on the differentiating vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) neurons of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) in rats. The comparative morpho-functional analysis of VIP neurons was made in adult rats which developed under normal metabolism of serotonin or in its deficiency. The serotonin deficiency was induced in foetuses by injections of p-chlorophenilalanine to pregnant mothers. Control rats received the saline. According to our data, there was no difference in the VIP mRNA concentration and most probably in VIP synthesis in the SCN in adult rats following prenatal serotonin depletion compared to the control. However, the serotonin deficiency resulted in increase of the VIP concentration in cell bodies and of the VIP neurones number. The size of the VIP-neurones did not change in pharmacologically treated rats compared to the controls showing no functional hypertrophy of the neurones as a result of the activation of specific syntheses. From the above data, it follows that serotonin provides an imprinting influence differentiating the VIP neurones, contributing most probably to development of the VIP release mechanism.

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