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[Effect of neuropeptides on prolactin secretion by the (...)

J Physiol (Paris). 1980 Jul ;76(3):227-31
[Effect of neuropeptides on prolactin secretion by the adenohypophysis (author’s transl)].
Enjalbert A, Arancibia S, Ruberg M, Priam M, Kordon C.

In order to identify prolactin regulating factors, the effect of various neuropeptides on prolactin secretion by the adenohypophysis has been tested. 1 degree Histidyl-proline-diketopiperazine (DKP), a major degradation product of TRH in hypothalamus and pituitary, inhibited prolactin secretion from incubated hemipituitaries (Fig. 1) with an apparent affinity of 0.5 nM. Histidyl-prolineamide and histidyl-proline, other degradation products of TRH, had no effect. TSH secretion was not affected under the same conditions. 2 degrees Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) stimulated prolactin secretion in vitro in a dose dependent manner. The secretion of other adenohypophyseal hormones was not affected. This effect is not mediated by a dopaminergic mechanism, since it was not blocked by neuroleptics (Table I). 3 degrees Morphinomimetic peptides had no effect on prolactin secretion in vitro, but blocked the dopamine inhibition of prolactin secretion. The effect of metenkephalin and beta-endorphin was dose dependent and was blocked by naloxone (Fig. 2 and 3). Thse results indicate that specific receptors to various neuropeptides seem to be present on prolactin cells.


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