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Dynamic excitation states and firing patterns are (...)

Channels (Austin). 2014 Nov ;8(6):536-43
Dynamic excitation states and firing patterns are controlled by sodium channel kinetics in myenteric neurons : a simulation study.
Korogod SM, Osorio N, Kulagina IB, Delmas P.

Enteric neurons located in the gastro-intestinal tract are of particular importance to control digestive functions such as motility and secretion. In our recent publication, we showed that mouse myenteric neurons exhibit 2 types of tetrodotoxin-resistant Na(+) currents : a fast inactivating Na(+) current produced by Nav1.5 channels, present in nearly all myenteric neurons, and a persistent Na(+) current attributed to Nav1.9 channels, restricted to the intrinsic primary afferent neurons (IPANs). By combination of experimental recording and computer simulation we found that Nav1.5 contributed to the upstroke velocity of action potentials (APs), whereas Nav1.9 opposed AP repolarization. Here, we detailed the Na(+), Ca(2+) and K(+) currents used in our computational model of IPAN. We refined the prototype cell to reproduce the sustained firing pattern recorded in situ. As shown in experimental conditions we demonstrated that Nav1.9 channels critically determine the up-state life-time and thus, are essential to sustain tonic firing.

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