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Dual mechanisms of inhibition by dopamine of basal and (...)

J Biol Chem. 1990 Nov ;265(31):18816-22
Dual mechanisms of inhibition by dopamine of basal and thyrotropin-releasing hormone-stimulated inositol phosphate production in anterior pituitary cells. Evidence for an inhibition not mediated by voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels.
Enjalbert A, Guillon G, Mouillac B, Audinot V, Rasolonjanahary R, Kordon C, Bockaert J.

In primary cultures of anterior pituitary cells, dopamine inhibited basal and thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)-stimulated inositol monophosphate, bisphosphate, and trisphosphate production. This inhibition by dopamine can be resolved into two distinct components. One of the components was rapid and already present after 10 s. The other was slower, starting after 1 min, and was mimicked by nimodipine, a dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonist. The effects of dopamine and nimodipine were not additive on both basal and TRH-stimulated inositol phosphate production. Furthermore, the dopamine inhibition in the presence of TRH was much higher than the inhibition induced by nimodipine. It is thus likely that calcium entry through voltage-dependent calcium channels triggers a positive feedback on TRH stimulation of phospholipase C. However, depolarizing concentrations of K+ or BAY-K-8644, a voltage-dependent calcium channel agonist, had no effect on inositol monophosphate and bisphosphate accumulation. Ionomycin, even at a very high concentration (10 microM), had only a slight and transient effect on inositol phosphate formation. In addition, these agents did not affect the TRH dose-dependent stimulation of inositol phosphate production. These results suggest that the intracellular calcium concentrations that we measured under basal and TRH-stimulated conditions are sufficient to allow the maximal activity of phospholipase C which can be obtained under these two experimental conditions. In contrast, any decrease in the intracellular calcium concentration by a dihydropyridine antagonist, suppression of extracellular calcium, or inactivation of a voltage-dependent calcium channel by long term depolarization with K+ decreased the phospholipase C activities measured under basal and TRH-stimulated conditions. From these data it can be concluded that dopamine inhibits inositol phosphate production by two distinct mechanisms. The slow dopamine-induced inhibition of TRH-stimulated inositol phosphate production which is mimicked by nimodipine is likely because of an inhibition of a voltage-dependent calcium channel. This is substantiated further by the fact that ionomycin (10 microM) was able to reverse the nimodipine inhibitions as well as this slow component of dopamine inhibition. The nature of the rapid inhibition of TRH-stimulated inositol phosphate production induced by dopamine, but not by nimodipine, remains to be determined. It is suppressed in the absence of extracellular Ca2+. This may suggest that this inhibition is related to blockade of non-dihydropyridine-sensitive Ca2+ channels.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)


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