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Accueil > Bibliographie > Dopamine inhibits prolactin secretion stimulated by the calcium channel (...)

Dopamine inhibits prolactin secretion stimulated by the (...)

Endocrinology. 1988 Jul ;123(1):406-12
Dopamine inhibits prolactin secretion stimulated by the calcium channel agonist Bay-K-8644 through a pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein in anterior pituitary cells.
Enjalbert A, Musset F, Chenard C, Priam M, Kordon C, Heisler S.

In primary culture of anterior pituitary cells, BAY-K-8644, a calcium channel agonist, stimulated PRL secretion by 83% with EC50 of 18 nM. This effect was blocked by nifedipine, a calcium channel antagonist. The stimulations of PRL secretion induced by potassium (50 mM) and BAY-K-8644 were additive. Dopamine inhibited basal as well as BAY-K-8644-stimulated PRL secretion by 64% and 75%, respectively, and with respective EC50 values of 4.5 and 0.6 nM. In the presence of 50 mM K+, dopamine only partially blocks the dose-dependent stimulation of PRL secretion induced by the calcium channel agonist. The inhibitory dopamine effect was blocked by (+)butaclamol, a specific dopamine receptor antagonist. The dopamine response was also blocked by 1-sulpiride, a specific dopamine D2 receptor antagonist, and mimicked by RU 24926, a specific dopamine D2 receptor agonist, suggesting that the dopamine effect on BAY-K-8644-stimulated PRL secretion was mediated through a D2 dopamine receptor. Although unknown, the mechanism by which dopamine inhibited the BAY-K-8644-stimulated PRL secretion involves a GTP binding protein sensitive to Bordetella pertussis toxin. In fact, the dopamine inhibition of PRL secretion induced by the calcium channel agonist was blocked by the pretreatment of cells with the toxin. These results suggest that dopamine D2 receptors in lactotroph cells modulate calcium influx through a GTP binding protein.

PubMed

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