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Accueil > Bibliographie > Differential modulation of D1 and D2 dopamine-sensitive adenylate cyclases (...)

Differential modulation of D1 and D2 dopamine-sensitive (...)

J Neurochem. 1989 Feb ;52(2):410-8
Differential modulation of D1 and D2 dopamine-sensitive adenylate cyclases by 17 beta-estradiol in cultured striatal neurons and anterior pituitary cells.
Maus M, Bertrand P, Drouva S, Rasolonjanahary R, Kordon C, Glowinski J, Premont J, Enjalbert A.

Primary cultures of anterior pituitary cells from female rats and of mouse embryonic striatal neurons were used to study the effects of 17 beta-estradiol on D1- and D2-dopamine (DA)-sensitive adenylate cyclase. 17 beta-Estradiol pretreatment (10(-9) M, 72 h) suppressed the D2-DA-induced inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity in anterior pituitary cells. The steroid (10(-9) M, 24 h) also blocked the D2-DA-evoked response in striatal neurons whereas it enhanced by twofold the D1-DA-induced stimulation of the enzyme activity in these neurons. All these effects of the steroid were dose dependent and specific, as neither 17 alpha-estradiol, dexamethasone, nor progesterone used at the same concentration (10(-9) M) was effective. Furthermore, the modulation of DA-sensitive adenylate cyclases by the steroid required long-term exposure of living cells to 17 beta-estradiol since neither 17 beta-estradiol pretreatment for 4 h nor its addition to broken cells directly into the adenylate cyclase assay induced any alteration in the DA-sensitive adenylate cyclase activity. These results are in agreement with a genomic effect of the steroid. Using both anterior pituitary cells and striatal neurons in culture, 17 beta-estradiol affected neither the total number of DA (D1 and D2) receptors nor the estimated number of adenylate cyclase catalytic units. Therefore, it is suggested that the steroid modifies the coupling process by a mechanism that still has to be elucidated. These results demonstrate an effect of 17 beta-estradiol on DA target cells in both systems.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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