Plates-Formes de Recherche en Neurosciences

logo amu logo cnrs

Plates-formes PFRN

Accueil > Bibliographie > Chemicals inducing acute irritant contact dermatitis mobilize intracellular (...)

Chemicals inducing acute irritant contact dermatitis (...)

Toxicol In Vitro. 2013 Feb ;27(1):402-8
Chemicals inducing acute irritant contact dermatitis mobilize intracellular calcium in human keratinocytes.
Raoux M, Azorin N, Colomban C, Rivoire S, Merrot T, Delmas P, Crest M.

Intracellular Ca(2+) increase is a common feature of multiple cellular pathways associated with receptor and channel activation, mediator secretion and gene regulation. We investigated the possibility of using this Ca(2+) signal as a biomarker for a reaction to chemical irritants of normal human keratinocytes (NHK) in submerged primary cell culture. We tested 14 referenced chemical compounds classified as strong (seven), weak (four) or non- (three) irritants in acute irritant contact dermatitis. We found that the strong irritant compounds tested at 20-40 mM induced an intracellular Ca(2+) increase measurable by spectrofluorimetry in an automated test. Weak and non-irritant compounds however did not increase intracellular Ca(2+) concentration. We further investigated the mechanisms by which the amine heptylamine, classified as a R34 corrosive compound, increases intracellular Ca(2+). Heptylamine (20mM) induced an ATP release that persisted in the absence of intra- and extra-cellular Ca(2+). In addition, we found that this ATP activates NHK purinergic receptors that subsequently cause the increase in intracellular Ca(2+) from sarcoplasmic reticular stores. We conclude that measuring the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration in NHK is a suitable and easy way of determining any potential reaction to soluble chemical compounds.

PubMed

    Ils nous font confiance

  • logo amu
  • logo cnrs
  • logo inserm
  • logo AP-HM
  • logo F�d�ration pour la Recherche sur le Cerveau
  • logo Fondation pour la Recherche Medical en France
  • logo IBiSA
  • logo Europe programme FEDER
  • logo Agence Nationale de la Recherche
  • logo Plateforme Technologique Aix-Marseille
  • logo Vect-Horus
  • logo Neuron Experts