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Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels of human and rabbit (...)

J Membr Biol. 1995 Sep ;147(1):71-82
Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels of human and rabbit erythrocytes display distinctive patterns of inhibition by venom peptide toxins.
Brugnara C, Armsby CC, De Franceschi L, Crest M, Euclaire MF, Alper SL.

Despite recent progress in the molecular characterization of high-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K+ (maxi-K) channels, the molecular identities of intermediate conductance Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels, including that of mature erythrocytes, remains unknown. We have used various peptide toxins to characterize the intermediate conductance Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels (Gardos pathway) of human and rabbit red cells. With studies on K+ transport and on binding of 125I-charybdotoxin (ChTX) and 125I-kaliotoxin (KTX) binding in red cells, we provide evidence for the distinct nature of the red cell Gardos channel among described Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels based on (i) the characteristic inhibition and binding patterns produced by ChTX analogues, iberiotoxin (IbTX) and IbTX-like ChTX mutants, and KTX (1-37 and 1-38 variants) ; (ii) the presence of some properties heretofore attributed only to voltage-gated channels, including inhibition of K transport by margatoxin (MgTX) and by stichodactyla toxin (StK) ; (iii) and the ability of scyllatoxin (ScyTX) and apamin to displace bound 125I-charybdotoxin, a novel property for K+ channels. These unusual pharmacological characteristics suggest a unique structure for the red cell Gardos channel.

PubMed

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