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Accueil > Bibliographie > An excitatory and a depressant insect toxin from scorpion venom both affect (...)

An excitatory and a depressant insect toxin from (...)

Arch Biochem Biophys. 1985 Aug 1 ;240(2):877-87.
An excitatory and a depressant insect toxin from scorpion venom both affect sodium conductance and possess a common binding site.
Zlotkin E, Kadouri D, Gordon D, Pelhate M, Martin MF, Rochat H.

Two insect selective toxins were purified by gel-permeation and ion-exchange chromatographies from the venom of the scorpion, Leiurus quinquestriatus quinquestriatus, and their chemical and pharmacological properties were studied. The first toxin (LqqIT1) induces a fast excitatory contraction paralysis of fly larvae and is about 40 times more toxic than the crude venom. It is a polypeptide composed of 71 amino acids, including 8 half-cystines and devoid of methionine and tryptophan, with an estimated molecular weight of 8189 and a pI value of 8.5. The second toxin (LqqIT2) induces a slow depressant, flaccid paralysis of fly larvae. It is composed of 72 amino acids, including 8 half-cystines, is devoid of proline methionine and histidine, and has an estimated molecular weight of 7990 and a pI value of 8.3. The contrasting symptomatology of these toxins is interpreted in terms of their effects on an isolated axonal preparation of the cockroach in current and voltage clamp conditions. LqqIT1 (0.5-4 microM) induced repetitive firing of the axon which was attributable to two changes in the sodium conductance, a small increase in the peak conductance and a slowing of its turning off. LqqIT2 (1-8 microM) caused a blockage of the evoked action potentials, attributable to both a strong depolarization of the axonal membrane and a progressive suppression of the sodium current. Neither toxin affected potassium conductance. The two toxins differ mainly in their opposite effects on the activatable sodium permeability. In binding assays to a preparation of insect synaptosomal membrane vesicles, the two toxins were shown to competitively displace the radioiodinated excitatory insect toxin derived from the venom of the scorpion, Androctonus australis [( 125I]AaIT), which strongly resembles, in its chemistry and action, the LqqIT1 toxin. The present two toxins have demonstrated a strong affinity closely resembling the AaIT, with KD values of 0.4, 1.9, and 1.0 nM for LqqIT1, LqqIT2, and AaIT, respectively. These data suggest the possibility that the excitatory and depressant insect toxins share a common binding site associated with sodium channels in insect neuronal membranes.

PMID : 2411224 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


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