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Accueil > Bibliographie > Amino acid sequence of toxin XI of the scorpion Buthus occitanus tunetanus. (...)

Amino acid sequence of toxin XI of the scorpion Buthus (...)

Int J Pept Protein Res. 1987 Feb ;29(2):231-7.
Amino acid sequence of toxin XI of the scorpion Buthus occitanus tunetanus. Evidence of a mutation having an important effect upon neurotoxic activity.
Sampieri F, Habersetzer-Rochat C, Martin MF, Kopeyan C, Rochat H.

The complete amino acid sequence of toxin XI of the North African scorpion Buthus occitanus tunetanus has been elucidated by automatic sequencing of the reduced and alkylated toxin and of the peptides obtained after tryptic cleavage restricted to arginyl bonds. This toxin is structurally homologous to toxin II of Androctonus australis Hector, the most active among the alpha-toxins, but is far less potent, both in vivo and in vitro. This work points out 12 mutations, many of which are conservative. Nevertheless, the most striking difference is the replacement of the lysine residue at position 58, known to be important in the activity of AaH toxin II, by a valine residue. Thus, it seems that the presence of a positive charge at this location facilitates the interactions between the receptor on the sodium channel and the alpha-type toxins.

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