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Accueil > Bibliographie > A role for bursa fabricii and bursin in the ontogeny of the pineal (...)

A role for bursa fabricii and bursin in the ontogeny of (...)

J Pineal Res. 1996 Aug ;21(1):35-43
A role for bursa fabricii and bursin in the ontogeny of the pineal biosynthetic activity in the chicken.
Youbicier-Simo BJ, Boudard F, Mekaouche M, Bayle JD, Bastide M.

The tripeptide bursin (Lys-His-Gly-NH2) is a B cell differentiation hormone derived from the bursa fabricii. The latter is a cloacal diverticulum and the site of B lymphocyte differentiation and selection in aves ; also the bursa fabricii is involved in endocrine functions. Herein we demonstrate that in the chicken, the bursa fabricii and bursin are crucial to the ontogeny of both the pineal response to antigenic challenge and pineal circadian synthetic activity. In early embryonically bursectomized chickens, the plasma melatonin response to immunization by porcine thyroglobulin (Tg) was abolished. Also, the amplitudes of both plasma melatonin and pineal N-acetyltransferase (NAT) circadian rhythms were reduced by 50%, whereas the activity of hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase (HIOMT) remained unchanged. Conversely, administration of either minute amounts (100 pg, 100 fg) or highly dilute (5 x 10(-27) g) bursin, with the exception of a highest dose (100 micrograms), to bursaless embryos induced recovery of normal antigen-induced melatonin response and normal amplitudes of melatonin and NAT rhythms. These findings establish that early in embryonic life, the bursa fabricii and its derived signal (bursin) are essential for normal development of pineal synthetic activity and underline the efficacy of very dilute bursin as an informative signal.


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