Plates-formes PFRN

Accueil > Agenda > Les séminaires Jean Roche > mCD24, une molécule d’adhérence impliquée dans la prolifération (...)

mCD24, une molécule d’adhérence impliquée dans la (...)

Lundi 4 juillet 2005, 11h, salle Lissitsky.


1 : Mol Cell Neurosci. 2005 Mar ;28(3):462-74.

mCD24 regulates proliferation of neuronal committed precursors in the subventricular zone.

Nieoullon V, Belvindrah R, Rougon G, Chazal G.

Neurogenese et Morphogenese dans le Developpement et chez l’Adulte/Institut de Biologie du Developpement de Marseille, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Marseilles, France.

We previously showed that deletion of the cell surface molecule mCD24 resulted in an increased proliferation in adult subventricular zone (SVZ). Here, we report an increased PSA-NCAM+/TuJ1- population in the mCD24-/- in vivo SVZ as well as in vitro neurospheres. Isolated in vitro, these cells were able to generate neurospheres. Proliferation studies, using BrdU incorporation, showed an increased proliferation in P7 mCD24-/- SVZ and neurospheres. Using electron microscopy, the same cell types were identified in the in vivo SVZ as well as in vitro neurospheres from the WT and mCD24-/- mice. In mixed neurospheres, formed with WT and EGFP/KO cells (enhanced green fluorescent protein mCD24-/-), the WT environment was able to control the proliferation rate of the mCD24-/- cells, but was unable to regulate their differentiation. We concluded that mCD24 acts cell nonautonomously to regulate transit-amplifying cells proliferation and/or differentiation.

2 : J Neurosci. 2002 May 1 ;22(9):3594-607.

Increased neurogenesis in adult mCD24-deficient mice.

Belvindrah R, Rougon G, Chazal G.

Neurogenese et Morphogenese dans le developpement et chez l’adulte/Institut de Biologie du Developpement de Marseille, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite de la Mediterranee, Campus de Luminy, 13288 Marseille, France.

mCD24, a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored highly glycosylated molecule, is expressed on differentiating neurons during development. In the adult CNS, its expression is restricted to immature neurons located in two regions showing ongoing neurogenesis : the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricle pathway and the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampal formation. Here, combining bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen labelings we confirmed that mCD24 is expressed on proliferating cells. To determine whether the inactivation of the molecule may affect adult neurogenesis, we analyzed the phenotype of mCD24-deficient mice (mCD24-/-). We labeled cells in S-phase with a pulse, a long, or a cumulative administration of BrdU and analyzed cells in different zones according to their dividing rate (rapid and slow) both in the control and mCD24-/-. We found a significant increase in the number of rapid (in the SVZ and the DG) and slow (in the SVZ) proliferating cells. Cumulative assays revealed a global reduction of the total cell cycle duration of rapidly proliferating precursors of SVZ. We investigated the fate of supernumerary cells and observed an increased number of apoptotic cells (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated biotinylated UTP nick end labeling) in the mutant SVZ. Furthermore, we found no difference in the size of the olfactory bulb between wild-type (WT) and mutant mice. In support, mCD24 deletion did not appear to affect migration in the migratory stream. A comparison of the organization of migrating precursors between WT and mCD24 -/-, both in vivo at the optic and electron microscopic levels and in SVZ cultured explants, did not show any changes in the arrangement of neuroblasts in chain-like structures. Altogether, our data suggest that mCD24 regulates negatively cell proliferation in zones of secondary neurogenesis.

3 : J Neurosci. 2000 Feb 15 ;20(4):1446-57.

Consequences of neural cell adhesion molecule deficiency on cell migration in the rostral migratory stream of the mouse.

Chazal G, Durbec P, Jankovski A, Rougon G, Cremer H.

Laboratoire de Genetique et Physiologie du Developpement, Institut de Biologie du Developpement de Marseille, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique/ Universite de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, INSERM, Paris Cedex, France.

In vertebrates, interneurons of the olfactory bulb (OB) are generated postnatally and throughout life at the subventricular zone of the forebrain. The neuronal precursors migrate tangentially through the forebrain using a well defined pathway, the rostral migratory stream (RMS), and a particular mode of migration in a chain-like organization. A severe size reduction of the OB represents the most striking morphological phenotype in neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM)-deficient mice. This defect has been traced back to a migration deficit of the precursors in the RMS and linked to the lack of the polysialylated form of NCAM. In this study we investigate the morphological alterations and functional properties of the RMS in mice totally devoid of all isoforms of NCAM and polysialic acid (PSA). We show that a morphologically altered, but defined and continuous pathway exists in mutants, and we present in vivo and in vitro evidence that PSA-NCAM in the RMS is not essential for the formation and migration of chains. Instead, we find a massive gliosis associated with the formation of membrane specializations in a heterotypic manner, linking precursors to astrocytes. This finding and the over-representation and defasciculation of axons in the pathway suggest that important interactions between migrating cells and their stationary environment are perturbed in the mutants. Finally, we used transplantation experiments to demonstrate that lack of PSA-NCAM leads to a decrease but not a total blockade of migration and demonstrate that the mutant RMS is functional in transporting normal neuronal precursors to the OB.

    Ils nous font confiance

  • logo amu
  • logo cnrs
  • logo inserm
  • logo AP-HM
  • logo F�d�ration pour la Recherche sur le Cerveau
  • logo Fondation pour la Recherche Medical en France
  • logo IBiSA
  • logo Europe programme FEDER
  • logo Agence Nationale de la Recherche
  • logo Plateforme Technologique Aix-Marseille
  • logo Vect-Horus
  • logo Neuron Experts